In May 1786, Charles Pinckney of South Carolina proposed to Congress to revise the articles of Confederation. Among the recommended changes were the granting of power over international and domestic trade to Congress and the granting of funds to Congress to raise funds from state coffers. However, a unanimous agreement was needed to make the changes and Congress was unable to reach a consensus. The weakness of the articles in the formation of an effective unification government was highlighted by the risk of internal conflicts both within and between states, especially after the Shays rebellion threatened to overthrow the Massachusetts government. George Washington had been one of the first supporters of a strong federal government. The army had almost dissolved several times during the winters of the war due to the weaknesses of the continental congress. … Delegates were unable to send soldiers and had to send requests for regular troops and militias to the states. Congress had the right to order the production and purchase of food for the soldiers, but could not force anyone to deliver them, and the army almost starved to death in several war winters.
 However, the articles were not signed and the date was empty. The Congress began the signing process with the review of the articles on June 27, 1778. They ordered the establishment of a final copy (in the National Archives) and that delegates inform the secretary of their ratification power. When the war ended in 1783, some special interests were encouraged to create a new “commercial state”, much like the British people had rebelled there. In particular, war bucket owners and land speculators wanted a central government to pay Srip at face value and legalize Western lands with controversial claims. Producers also wanted a high tariff as a barrier to foreign products, but competition between states made this impossible without a central government.  In addition, the Jay Gardoqui Treaty of 1786 with Spain also showed weaknesses in foreign policy. In this treaty, which was never ratified, the United States would have to waive for 25 years the right to use the Mississippi River, which would have economically strangled the settlers west of the Appalachians.